Photo: Dr Thibault Bonnemain, Research Associate at King's College London working at the The Isaac Newton Institute for Mathematical Sciences (INI) in Cambridge.
The Cambridge Philosophical Society has funded a number of early career researchers at The Isaac Newton Institute for Mathematical Sciences (INI) in Cambridge, as part of the Society's grants and funding for scientists of the future.
Dr Bonnie Zaire, a postdoctoral researcher from the Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais (UFMG) in Brazil and Dr Thibault Bonnemain, a Research Associate at King's College London talk in depth
about their field of research and the importance of funding for more
junior members of the community.Dr Zaire's work focuses on understanding the magnetism of young, low-mass stars. One of the main projects I am involved with is to explore through global magnetohydrodynamic simulations how the dynamo mechanism adjusts to internal structure changes as the star evolves. In particular, I use these simulations to analyse the physical mechanism responsible for controlling the magnetic field morphology, known from observations to vary with the stellar age and mass.Dr Thibault Bonnemain primarily focuses on the interplay between intelligibility and many body systems, as well as on their application to various disciplines such as hydrodynamics, soliton theory, game theory and crowd dynamics. Specifically Bonnemain's research interests fall under four categories:+ Generalised Hydrodynamics and statistics of soliton gases,+ Soliton gases in Korteweg - de Vries and Nonlinear Schrödinger equations,+ Quadratic Mean Field Games and their integrability,+ Pedestrian and dense crowd dynamics at both operational and tactical levels.
Watch Bonnie Zaire and Thibault Bonnemain talk about their research and funding below.
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Growth during the intrauterine period is a critical determinant of life-long health. During this period the placenta acts as the baby’s life-support system, transferring nutrients and orchestrating maternal adaptations to the pregnancy. But what stimulates formation of the placenta? Development of the human placenta is precocious, and for many years was considered the pinnacle of evolutionary advance amongst mammals by providing early and intimate access to the maternal circulation. Over the last two decades our understanding of the physiology of early pregnancy has undergone radical revision. It is now appreciated that for the first three months the placenta is nourished by the secretory lining of the uterus rather than maternal blood. Furthermore, evidence from domestic species and recently derived human organoid cultures indicates that a signalling dialogue operates between the placenta and the uterus, increasing the release of growth factors and nutrients by the latter. In this way, the placenta stimulates its own development, ready to support the baby. Evidence for this concept will be presented, and the clinical implications discussed.
Mitochondria are sub-microscopic organelles present in every cell. They convert the breakdown products of food into a form of energy the cell needs to function and survive. An unfortunate by-product is the generation of toxic oxygen free radicals that can damage DNA within each mitochondrion. With a limited capacity for repair, these mutations are passed down the maternal line, where they predispose to disease, can shorten our lifespan, and are threatening our own survival. New biological insights have cast light on the mechanisms involved, but is Homo sapiens facing mutational meltdown?